Fear of Aging Report:
Blood, injury, and injection BII phobia: Fear of injuries involving blood Escalaphobia: Fear of escalators Tunnel phobia: Fear of tunnels These are far from the only specific phobias.
People can develop a phobia of almost anything. Also, as society changes, the list of potential phobias changes. For instance, nomophobia is the fear of being without a cell phone or computer. As described in one paperit is "the pathologic fear of remaining out of touch with technology.
In some cases, it may be the result of a traumatic early experience. One example would be claustrophobia developing over time after a younger child has an unpleasant experience in a confined space. Phobias that start during childhood can also be caused by witnessing the phobia of a family member.
A child whose mother has arachnophobia, for example, is much more likely to develop the same phobia. Complex phobias More research is needed to confirm exactly why a person develops agoraphobia or social anxiety. Researchers currently believe A report on phobias phobias are caused by a combination of life experiences, brain chemistry, and genetics.
How the brain works during a phobia Some areas of the brain store and recall dangerous or potentially deadly events. The amygdala in the brain is thought to be linked to the development of phobias.
If a person faces a similar event later on in life, those areas of the brain retrieve the stressful memory, sometimes more than once. This causes the body to experience the same reaction.
In a phobia, the areas of the brain that deal with fear and stress keep retrieving the frightening event inappropriately. Researchers have found that phobias are often linked to the amygdalawhich lies behind the pituitary gland in the brain.
The amygdala can trigger the release of "fight-or-flight" hormones. These put the body and mind in a highly alert and stressed state. Treatment Phobias are highly treatable, and people who have them are nearly always aware of their disorder. This helps diagnosis a great deal.
Speaking to a psychologist or psychiatrist is a useful first step in treating a phobia that has already been identified. If the phobia does not cause severe problems, most people find that simply avoiding the source of their fear helps them stay in control.
Many people with specific phobias will not seek treatment as these fears are often manageable. It is not possible to avoid the triggers of some phobias, as is often the case with complex phobias.
In these cases, speaking to a mental health professional can be the first step to recovery. Most phobias can be cured with appropriate treatment. There is no single treatment that works for every person with a phobia. Treatment needs to be tailored to the individual for it to work.
The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist may recommend behavioral therapy, medications, or a combination of both. Therapy is aimed at reducing fear and anxiety symptoms and helping people manage their reactions to the object of their phobia.
Medications The following medications are effective for the treatment of phobias. These can help reduce the physical signs of anxiety that can accompany a phobia. Side effects may include an upset stomachfatigueinsomniaand cold fingers. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs are commonly prescribed for people with phobias.
They affect serotonin levels in the brain, and this can result in better moods. SSRIs may initially cause nausea, sleeping problems, and headaches.
Individuals on an MAOI may have to avoid certain types of food.This guidance is for school staff and applies to all schools. It gives advice on: how to create a whole school culture, including promoting positive mental health understanding the link between.
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A survey from found that financial worries, work. Common specific phobias include animals, insects, heights, thunder, driving, public transportation, flying, dental or medical procedures, and elevators.
Although the person with a phobia realizes that the fear is irrational, even thinking about it . Overcoming Animal and Insect Phobias: How to Conquer Fear of Dogs, Snakes, Rodents, Bees, Spiders, and More [Martin M.
Antony, Randi E.
McCabe] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. As the makers of blockbuster movies like The Birds, Jaws and Arachnophobia well know, animal fears are the most commonly reported phobias.
Some 6 percent of Americans suffer from .