Excerpts from Digitized Original at the Internet Archive. Paragraph numbers apply to this excerpt, not the original source.
Freud tries to compare and differentiate the psychoanalysis to other accepted scientific disciplines.
But first of all we should establish the key point of the text.
Those three parts are in a constant fight to rule us, but we should get the three in a harmony in order to live in equilibrium. The super-ego, represents our conscience, all pattern or society and moral impositions above all, that we have been imposed since we were kids.
The super-ego is the voice of the aspect of our psyche that is the voice of authority, of control, judgement and regulation. The super-ego internalises most of society's rules it can punish us with one of the strongest punishments possible, guilt.
Guilt is the super-ego's calling our attention to our own failure. The super-ego is the harshest and most aggressive player in this whole story, and it is the self. The "super-ego", according to Freud, is both individual and collective.
The ego represent yourself as a person, your decisions, your capacity as a rational persona with your own logic and decisions. The ego describes the face we present to the world, our civilized persona. It is not a pejorative term, it is an observational term. The Id represent our lowest instincts, our primary desires, dissatisfaction of hungry, rest, love, all primary need, the most primary and animal aspect of human being.
In the Id there is Thanatos and Eros. The ego, wants to get ride of the super-ego that always wants to establish its authority, wants to get ride of the instincts that the ego considers primary and low and make the ego do things that as a rational being will not do, and this is what causes dissatisfaction, we do not do the Id's desires because the ego will not let us do them, and we do not do ego's desires because the super ego will not let us do them.
In Civilization and its Discontents, Freud tries to replace a metaphysical, idealistic framework with a psychological one, in order to do so, he uses a special style of argumentation, in which he encourages the reader to analyse philosophical problems in the context of his daily life, he wants the reader to get involved in the lecture of the text and afterwards, he is looking for an action.
As we said, Freud's style of argumentation stands in relation to metaphysical argumentation, and so, he does not examine behaviour, institutions, culture or civilization in an abstract or ideal light, but as they exist in reality.
Freud explanations and argumentations fit with his own experience, everyday facts, common things in everybody's life, that always are there but we do not realise that every single thing we do has a reason and all our actions are under control of the super-ego, that is always telling us what is wrong and what is right.
All he expressed in the text is real and it is part of our common lives, and as a part of everybody's life, the writer wants the reader to appeal to his own commonsense, past experience, and emotional and behavioural patterns in addressing philosophical questions, and it is therapeutic because he asks them to analyse themselves in the process.
Freud wants all the people to realise all the different issues he explains along the text and that usually we do not even notice. He wishes to show people that his psychoanalytic observations came from real life, common situations. Soon we find the questions that will link all chapters, how would men deal with the problems of civilization?
Is civilization a benefit or harm to human beings? These questions will help us to find the possible repercussion in society that this book had.
The origins of civilization are in the individual. We are born in a world in which we have to avoid and we want to avoid pain and seek pleasure, the basis of civilization are built in egoism, we all are fighting against each other to be the happiest person and at the same time avoid all the pain we can.
Those individuals that get together are in a constant relationship between them, but even though those people will be closer to each other they are still different and so they have to change some of their interests, they have to give up certain aspects of their own ego interests to join with other people in creating these social institutions.Civilization and Its Discontents is one of the last of Freud's books, written in the decade before his death and first published in German in In it he states his views on the broad question of man's place in the world, a place Freud defines in terms of ceaseless conflict between the individual's quest for freedom and society's demand for Ratings: 1.
Study Guide for the Book Civilization and its Discontents by Sigmund Freud Timothy C. Thomason Abstract The purpose of this paper is to deepen your understanding of Freud’s book Civilization and Its Discontents () by presenting a series of questions to guide your study.
Chapter I. Civilization and its Discontents is the most philosophical of Freud's works. He combines many of his previous ideas to produce a commentary on civilization and life in general.
Freud offers an overview of life based on his extensive psychoanalytic findings, in his text, Freud makes an analysis of society, of the different ways of behaving and.
CIVILIZATION AND ITS DISCONTENTS By Sigmund Freud (First published in ) Translated from the German by JAMES STRACHEY I I t is impossible to escape the impression that people commonly use false. Freud Civilization and Its Discontents Humankind strives for happiness, but according to Sigmund Freud, the creation of civilization as a means to further this goal has instead generated unhappiness.
Civilization and Its Discontents is one of the last of Freud's books, written in the decade before his death and first published in German in In it he states his views on the broad question of man's place in the world, a place Freud defines in terms of ceaseless conflict between the individual's quest for freedom and society's demand for /5(27).