When a test turns into a trial Things to keep in mind about psychological testing By Larry R. Seegull and Emily J. Caputo Since the earliest days of testing, it has been the test taker who is nervous, tense or riddled with anxiety. Today, employers who administer tests to employees in the hiring or promotion process may find themselves feeling anxious or nervous.
Use With Caution Many employers utilize personality tests in the employment selection process to identify people who have more than just the knowledge and skills necessary to be successful in their jobs.
Murphy is likely correct that some of these are ineffective. The best that can be said is that in some situations, for some purposes, some personality measures can offer helpful predictions.
But there is nothing in this summary to indicate in advance which measure should be used in which situation or for which purposes. In short, it must be concluded as always that the validity of any personality measure must be specifically and competently determined for the specific situation in which it is to be used and for the specific purpose or criterion within that situation….
It seems clear that the only acceptable reason for using personality measures as instruments of decision is found only after doing considerable research with the measure in the specific situation and for the specific purpose for which it is to be used. One possibility for the relatively low correlation rates is that the data has not been interpreted properly.
A study has found evidence for a curvilinear relationship between personality traits and job performance, while all the earlier studies assumed a linear relationship.
First, people need to be able to accurately perceive emotions in themselves and others and have the ability to express their own emotions effectively.
Second, people need to be aware of how their emotions shape their thinking, decisions, and coping mechanisms. Third, people need to be able to understand and analyze their emotions, which may often be complex and contradictory.
Fourth, people need to be able to regulate their emotions so that they can dampen negative emotions and make effective use of positive emotions.
The marketplace is beginning to recognize the importance of EQ. Are more likely to stay calm under pressure Know how to resolve conflict effectively Are empathetic to their team members and react accordingly Lead by example Tend to make more thoughtful business decisions  When these same employers were asked to identify specific behaviors and qualities that demonstrate EQ, they responded that employees who demonstrate high EQ: Admit and learn from their mistakes Can keep their emotions in check and have thoughtful discussions on tough issues Listen as much, or more than, they talk Take criticism well Show grace under pressure  The opinions given by the surveyed employers are also echoed in academic literature on the subject.
Such was the case in when a study, relying on much more data than the sample, could not support the earlier claim that EQ predicts job performance. Applicant Faking To the extent that personality and EQ tests are used in hiring, the issue of applicant faking needs to be addressed.
A quick search on the Internet will find advice on how to fake these tests.
One article, geared toward lawyers seeking employment with firms who conduct personality or EQ tests, notes: Resist the urge to be too revealing. The assessment is part of the job interview, not something for your own enlightenment.
If you are curious about your psychological profile, take one of the tests out there on your own dime. Be a social animal. These days, law firms are very keen on team work.
Never mind that most of the big rainmakers tend to be solipsistic egomaniacs. Lawyers are paid to look at the worst-case scenarios, so they tend to be skeptical, if not pessimistic.
Grit your teeth and say you welcome criticism—and that you always learn from it. Yes, there was a math section on the test that completely threw me. It might help to buy one of those SAT prep books. Counter-measures to faking include the test and retest approach to see if an individual is consistent in their answers, or asking questions that require quick responses.
It is this type of question that skeptics use to prove, at least to themselves, the total irrelevancy of psychological testing. However, proponents of these tests would say these cynics are wrong because they misunderstand the purpose behind the question.
Legal Considerations As more and more companies decide to utilize personality and emotional intelligence tests in the employee selection process, applicant faking and placating skeptics are not the only hazards a company can expect. If not constructed properly, the potential legal ramifications of these tests can be massive.
While intentional discrimination is certainly possible, the more likely risk for companies acting in good faith involves inadvertent discrimination through the use of valid and reliable instruments.
To prevail in a disparate impact case, a plaintiff must establish that at least one of two tests has been violated. The first test requires the plaintiff to prove that an employment practice results in disparate impact which, if proven, shifts the burden to the defendant to demonstrate that the practice in question is consistent with business necessity.
A disparate impact claim is, basically, a plaintiff proving discrimination through the use of statistics. For example, in Karraker v.
Rent-A-Center, the Court held that a personality test that could have been used by the employer to diagnose a medical condition violated the ADA.What ideals, obligations, and effects must be consid-ered in using psychological tests as pre- employment screens?
In your view, which is the most important consideration? In your view, which is the most important consideration? ADA that they must consider in using selection tests.
use psychological tests at the pre-offer state of the hiring process only if these tests are not medical—that is to say, only if the tests do not provide evidence that would lead to identify- Pre-Employment Testing and the ADA.
"Testing for Honesty" Please respond to the following: From the case study, determine what ideals, obligations, and effects must be considered in using psychological tests as preemployment screens.
Decide which is the most important consideration. Explain your reasoning. Determine What Ideals Obligations And Effects Must Be Considered In Using Psychological Tests As Preemployment Screens.
EFFECTS OF COLOR ON TEST PERFORMANCE 1 Effects of Color On Test Performance Taylor Alderson, Ovsanna Balian, Jacqueline Christopher, Diana Macias Pasadena City College EFFECTS OF COLOR ON TEST PERFORMANCE Abstract The present experiment .
Bullfrom the case study determine what ideals obligations Bullfrom the case study determine what ideals obligations •From the case study, determine what ideals, obligations, and effects must be considered in using psychological tests as preemployment screens.
Aug 21, · What ideals, obligations, and effects must be considered in using psychological tests as premployment screens? What ideals, obligations, and effects must be considered in using psychological tests as preemployment screens? Shaan · Status: Resolved.