How to write alphabets in german language

This will allow the user to make an informed judgement of the authenticity of the selection of letters included in an alphabet. The selection should be supplemented by usage in literature of well-informed writers in works published by organizations which are recognized to be particular about correct normal usage. Letters from other languages commonly used in texts of a given language may be included if, in good usage by well-informed writers, they are used naturally in the recipient language.

How to write alphabets in german language

Does this mean you can invent new sounds by filling in the grid? How about a labial affricate pf? Even more exciting is to add entire series of consonants using contrasts not used in English, such as palatalization or aspiration. Or remove a series English has.

Language Log » Difficult languages and easy languages

Cuzco Quechua, for instance, has three series of stops: The key to a naturalistic language, in fact, is to add or subtract entire dimensions. A language might have just two palatalized consonants Spanish does: You can also add places of articulation.

For instance, while English has three series of stops, Hindi has five labial, dental, retroflex, alveolo-palatal, and velar.

The Alphabets of Europe uses the following geographical and geophysical definition of Europe:“Europe” extends from the Arctic and Atlantic (including Iceland and the Faroe Islands) southeastwards to the Mediterranean (including Malta and Cyprus), with its eastern and southern borders being the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian . An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that represent the phonemes (basic significant sounds) of any spoken language it is used to write. This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as syllabaries (in which each character represents a syllable) and logographic systems (in which each character represents a word, morpheme, or semantic unit). Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter. The Scandinavian variants are also known as futhark or fuþark (derived from their first six letters of the alphabet: F, U, Þ, A, R, and K); the Anglo-Saxon variant is futhorc or.

Some consonants are more common than others. For instance, virtually all languages have the simple stops p t k. Vowels The most important aspects of vowels are height and frontness. Height is how far the tongue is raised within the mouth; the mouth also tends to open wider as the tongue lowers, so lower vowels are also called open.

The usual scale is high i u as in me moo, mid e o as in say so, and low a as in sock. Pronounce these as in the examples Many languages, including English, have four steps instead. Instead of mid there are two heights: If you pronounce those the same, start with the vowel of set and move the tongue back.

Frontness is how close the tongue is to the front of the mouth. There are also central vowels, with the tongue partly back. The vowel grid You can arrange the vowels in a grid according to these two dimensions. To get a feel for these distinctions, pronounce the words in the diagram, moving from top to bottom or side to side, and noting where your tongue is and how close it is to the roof of the mouth.

The words shown may not match your own dialect. The important thing here is to understand what your tongue is doing as it makes front vs. The ideal IPA vowels are as extreme as possible— e. Other vowel distinctions Vowels can vary along other dimensions as well.

The lips can be rounded or not. Compare me, which should be unrounded. To pronounce y, say i and round the lips as for u. For many English speakers the latter is the vowel in cut.

how to write alphabets in german language

Estonian has three degrees of length. A long vowel is simply pronounced longer. Like consonants, vowels can be nasalized— pronounced with the nasal passage open. When two vowels are adjacent, they normally form a diphthong, as in English coy, cow, guy koj kaw gaj. The vowels are not really distinct; the position of the vocal organs glides smoothly from one position to the other.

English tends to diphthongize its closed vowels— e. In most languages you want to avoid this— e. Vowel systems English has a rather complicated vowel system: Interesting simple systems include Quechua three vowels, i u a and Spanish five: Simple vowel systems tend to spread out; a Quechua i, for instance, can sound like English pit, peat, or pet.

Spanish e and o are open as in pet, caught in syllables that end in a consonant, closed as in pate, pot elsewhere. Phones, phonemes, and allophones Sounds is too vague for linguistics. The raw sounds people produce are called phones.The Alphabets of Europe uses the following geographical and geophysical definition of Europe:“Europe” extends from the Arctic and Atlantic (including Iceland and the Faroe Islands) southeastwards to the Mediterranean (including Malta and Cyprus), with its eastern and southern borders being the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, and Anatolia, inclusive of Transcaucasia.

An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that represent the phonemes (basic significant sounds) of any spoken language it is used to write.

This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as syllabaries (in which each character represents a syllable) and logographies (in which each character . Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter.

The Scandinavian variants are also known as futhark or fuþark (derived from their first six letters of the alphabet: F, U, Þ, A, R, and K); the Anglo-Saxon variant is futhorc or.

Evertype: The Alphabets of Europe

Modern Latin alphabet. The modern Latin alphabet is used to write hundreds of different languages. Each language uses a slightly different set of letters, and they are pronounced in various ways. Early childhood education is a team sport. It is most successful when parents, teachers, and children play and learn together.

Research tells us it is important for children to speak, read, and write in their first language. One question that has been sent in to us more than a few times is, “What is the hardest language to learn?” After some extensive research on the topic, we discovered that the answer is quite complicated.

The complications occur because the answer is largely subjective (opinion), and it also depends on what a person’s [ ].

Runes - Wikipedia