Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Types of NGOs by the level of orientation. It has further types as under, i.
Similar to the two previous resolutions, it provided for general consultative status organizations concerned with most of the activities of the Council and broadly representative of populations in a large number of countriesspecial consultative status internationally known organizations with special competence in a few of the fields of activity of the Counciland roster status other useful organizationsand allocated different rights to them in attending meetings, speaking, and receiving documents, among others.
It also suggested a single accreditation process under the General Assembly and a new Under-Secretary-General in charge of a new Office of Constituency Engagement and Partnerships. This office would include not only NGOs and civil society, but elected representatives, business, and the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.
They have organized to get the General Assembly and other UN organs to pass resolutions on disarmament, on development, on human rights, and on other subjects related to the underlying sources of conflicts. They have helped to develop new UN institutions and treaties.
They have gotten UN bodies to put questions of armament and disarmament before the World Court, and have been important in the development of the International Criminal Court. They have delivered humanitarian assistance and aided refugeesand have worked on development in societies that have recently experienced violent conflict.
For example, The World Court Project, begun in New Zealand inwas largely responsible for getting the World Health Organization and the General Assembly to ask the advisory opinion of the World Court on the legality of nuclear weapons.
The World Court Registrar received citizen delegations with documents and petitions in and Having achieved the support of the Non-Aligned Movement, the resolution was adopted 18 November In December the resolution was adopted by the General Assembly. Within days the case arrived at the World Court, who decided to consider the WHO and General Assembly questions separately but simultaneously.
The World Court delivered its decision on July 8,finding threat or use of nuclear weapons contrary to the law of armed conflict, and in particular international humanitarian law, but not concluding in the case of self-defense. In this case NGOs used access through states and through consultative status with ECOSOC, coupled with legal expertise and social movement organizing, to obtain a result from the International Court of Justice that powerful nuclear states had opposed.
This pattern was echoed in several other cases outside the realm of economic and social issues. Secretary-General Kofi Annan has repeatedly indicated how important the role of NGOs has been with respect to the development of the International Criminal Court and the land mines treaty.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines so successfully mobilized both states and other NGOs in its network that the Ottawa Convention was signed in December by a total of governments.
In SeptemberBurkina Faso became the 40th country to ratify the Mine Ban Treaty, triggering its entry into force in Marchrecord time for an international treaty. It was a unique cooperation between a core group of likeminded governments and the ICBL NGOs, developed in a series of meetings in Vienna, Bonn, Brussels and Oslo over the course ofoutside the UN system, and relying on voting, rather than consensus.
The ICBL participated in discussions and negotiations inside, while outside it worked with the mediaand raised public awareness, and networked with other NGOs to lobby governments.
The treaty now has states parties to the treaty, 9 additional signatories, and 42 non-state parties, as of September NGOs continue to encourage signature and ratification of the treaty and monitor compliance Informal dialogues have also become an important mechanism linking NGOs with the UN.
This intensified as coordination of humanitarian aid and security questions in complex emergencies led to discussion between Security Council members and certain humanitarian organizations, especially focusing on Africa in They have met increasingly, privately and off-the-record, with members of the Security Council, providing field information to members of the Council from crisis areas, as well as providing a link to the public.
Quakers and Mennonites, both members of the NGO working group, have also done mediation work for a very long time in intractable conflict areas around the world.
Many other NGOs have also worked directly in conflict resolution efforts in the field. The Pugwash and Dartmouth Conferences have been active over many decades, especially on arms control issues and across Cold War boundaries.
The International Crisis Group has monitored for signs of genocide, among its other activities. The roles of NGOs in intractable conflict are multiple, from direct conflict resolution, Track Two diplomacyand mediation in crisis and long-term conflict areas, to assistance in monitoring electionsto delivery of humanitarian assistance and development aidto advocacy of human rights and justiceto lobbying governments to develop the long-term conditions which promote international peace and security.
Their roles are often, but not always, positive, but they are not usually the primary players in any of these arenas. But without these NGOs, many of the accomplishments of states and international organizations would not have been possible. International Organizations and the Global Political System.
Knopf, Powers and William B. Arrangements and practices for the interaction of non-governmental organizations in all activities of the United Nations system. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Continuum, Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess.Published: Tue, 03 Oct ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION AS MAJOR POLITICAL ACTOR IN GLOBAL SOUTH “To invest a little time and genuine support with real-world exchanges of information .
What Is NGO? Essay Sample. Some supported by NGO,s,national and international NGO,s and other independent outside help. Perhaps among those most discussion able and dispersing one is “The Role of NGO, s in the Development” particularly with regard to third world having mushroom growth largely depending upon the contribution .
An NGO's level of operation indicates the scale at which an organization works on, like the difference in work between an international NGO and community or national NGO. 5] One of the earliest mentions of the term "NGO" was in , when the UN was created.
EXAMINE THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF NGO’s TO DEVELOPMENT NGO is an acronym which stands for “non-governmental organization. The UN defines an NGO as a kind of private organization that is independent from government control and is non-profit, non-criminal and simply an opposition party. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played a major role in pushing for sustainable development at the international level.
Campaigning groups have been key drivers of inter-governmental negotiations, ranging from the regulation of hazardous wastes to a global ban on land mines and the elimination of slavery.
We live in an imperfect world where citizens are continuously plagued with problems caused by lack of opportunities or through bad leadership of states that immerses these people into .