A standard research paper proposal should not in general be longer than ten per cent of the total length of your planned paper. For example, if the required word limit for your research paper cannot exceed ten thousand words, the proposal should be approximately one thousand words in total.
Introduction and Theoretical Framework A. In an introduction, the writer should 1.
Theories, theoretical frameworks, and lines of inquiry may be differently handled in quantitative and qualitative endeavors. The objective is to test or verify theory. One thus begins the study advancing a theory, collects data to test it, and reflects on whether the theory was confirmed or disconfirmed by the results in the study.
In qualitative inquiry, the use of theory and of a line of inquiry depends on the nature of the investigation. Much qualitative inquiry, however, also aims to test or verify theory, hence in these cases the theoretical framework, as in quantitative efforts, should be identified and discussed early on.
Statement of the Problem A. It is important in a proposal that the problem stand out—that the reader can easily recognize it.
Sometimes, obscure and poorly formulated problems are masked in an extended discussion.
A problem statement should be presented within a context, and that context should be provided and briefly explained, including a discussion of the conceptual or theoretical framework in which it is embedded.
Clearly and succinctly identify and explain the problem within the framework of the theory or line of inquiry that undergirds the study. This is of major importance in nearly all proposals and requires careful attention. It is essential in all quantitative research and much qualitative research.
State the problem in terms intelligible to someone who is generally sophisticated but who is relatively uninformed in the area of your investigation. For conference proposals, the statement of the problem is generally incorporated into the introduction; academic proposals for theses or dissertations should have this as a separate section.
Purpose of the Study A. If the purpose is not clear to the writer, it cannot be clear to the reader. Briefly define and delimit the specific area of the research. You will revisit this in greater detail in a later section. Foreshadow the hypotheses to be tested or the questions to be raised, as well as the significance of the study.
These will require specific elaboration in subsequent sections. The purpose statement can also incorporate the rationale for the study. Some committees prefer that the purpose and rationale be provided in separate sections, however.
Key points to keep in mind when preparing a purpose statement. Clearly identify and define the central concepts or ideas of the study. Some committee Chairs prefer a separate section to this end. When defining terms, make a judicious choice between using descriptive or operational definitions.
Identify the specific method of inquiry to be used. Identify the unit of analysis in the study. Review of the Literature A. The literature review accomplishes several important things. It provides a framework for establishing the importance of the study, as well as a benchmark for comparing the results of a study with other findings.
Demonstrate to the reader that you have a comprehensive grasp of the field and are aware of important recent substantive and methodological developments.
How will your study refine, revise, or extend what is now known? Avoid statements that imply that little has been done in the area or that what has been done is too extensive to permit easy summary. Statements of this sort are usually taken as indications that the writer is not really familiar with the literature.
In a proposal, the literature review is generally brief and to the point. Be judicious in your choice of exemplars—the literature selected should be pertinent and relevant APA, Select and reference only the more appropriate citations.
Make key points clearly and succinctly.The main parts of a proposal essay are summarized here.
It is important to keep in mind that depending on your proposal parts may need to be added or taken out. Some students who need writing aid try to save their money by using a very cheap essay writing service.
They find a low-cost website (which, of course, claims it is “professional” and “outstanding”) and hire cheap essay writers to do their papers. Find essays and research papers on Economics at ashio-midori.com We've helped millions of students since Join the world's largest study community.
Hire a highly qualified essay writer to cater for all your content needs. Whether you struggle to write an essay, coursework, research paper, annotated bibliography or dissertation, we’ll connect you with a screened academic writer for effective writing assistance. Dec 19, · A proposal essay is exactly what it sounds like: it proposes an idea and provides evidence intended to convince the reader why that idea is a good or bad one.
Although proposals are generally a significant part of business and economic transactions, they are not limited to those two ashio-midori.coms: A. “The introduction is the part of the paper that provides readers with the background information for the research reported in the paper.
Its purpose is to establish a framework for the research, so that readers can understand how it is related to other research” (Wilkinson, , p.