Each story depicts a female protagonist who battles oppression, and most of these women ultimately triumph.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman circa Gilman used her writing to explore the role of women in America during the late s and early s. She highlighted many issues such as the lack of a life outside the home and the oppressive forces of the patriarchal society.
While under the impression that husbands and male doctors were acting with their best interests in mind, women were depicted as mentally weak and fragile. Women were even discouraged from writing, because it would ultimately create an identity and become a form of defiance.
Gilman realized that writing became one of the only forms of existence for women at a time when they had very few rights. Weir Mitchelland convince him of the error of his ways".
She was forbidden to touch pen, pencil, or brush, and was allowed only two hours of mental stimulation a day. After three months and almost desperate, Gilman decided to contravene her diagnosis, along with the treatment methods, and started to work again. Aware of how close she had come to complete mental breakdown, the author wrote The Yellow Wallpaper with additions and exaggerations to illustrate her own criticism for the medical field.
Gilman sent a copy to Mitchell but never received a response. She added that The Yellow Wallpaper was "not intended to drive people crazy, but to save people from being driven crazy, and it worked".
Gilman claimed that many years later she learned that Mitchell had changed his treatment methods, but literary historian Julie Bates Dock has discredited this.
Mitchell continued his methods, and as late as — 16 years after "The Yellow Wallpaper" was published — was interested in creating entire hospitals devoted to the "rest cure" so that his treatments would be more widely accessible. Her ideas, though, are dismissed immediately while using language that stereotypes her as irrational and, therefore, unqualified to offer ideas about her own condition.
This interpretation draws on the concept of the " domestic sphere " that women were held in during this period. If the narrator were allowed neither to write in her journal nor to read, she would begin to "read" the wallpaper until she found the escape she was looking for.
Through seeing the women in the wallpaper, the narrator realizes that she could not live her life locked up behind bars.
At the end of the story, as her husband lies on the floor unconscious, she crawls over him, symbolically rising over him. This is interpreted as a victory over her husband, at the expense of her sanity.
Lanser, a professor at Brandeis University, praises contemporary feminism and its role in changing the study and the interpretation of literature.
Critics such as the editor of the Atlantic Monthly rejected the short story because "[he] could not forgive [himself] if [he] made others as miserable as [he] made [himself]. Lanser argues that the short story was a "particularly congenial medium for such a re-vision. At first she focuses on contradictory style of the wallpaper: She takes into account the patterns and tries to geometrically organize them, but she is further confused.
The wallpaper changes colors when it reflects light and emits a distinct odor which the protagonist cannot recognize p. At night the narrator is able to see a woman behind bars within the complex design of the wallpaper. Lanser argues that the unnamed woman was able to find "a space of text on which she can locate whatever self-projection".
Feminists have made a great contribution to the study of literature but, according to Lanser, are falling short because if "we acknowledge the participation of women writers and readers in dominant patterns of thought and social practice then perhaps our own patterns must also be deconstructed if we are to recover meanings still hidden or overlooked.
In this time period it was thought that "hysteria" a disease stereotypically more common in women was a result of too much education. It was understood that women who spent time in college or studying were over-stimulating their brains and consequently leading themselves into states of hysteria.
In fact, many of the diseases recognized in women were seen as the result of a lack of self-control or self-rule. Different physicians argued that a physician must "assume a tone of authority" and that the idea of a "cured" woman is one who is "subdued, docile, silent, and above all subject to the will and voice of the physician".
Often women were prescribed bed rest as a form of treatment, which was meant to "tame" them and basically keep them imprisoned.
Treatments such as this were a way of ridding women of rebelliousness and forcing them to conform to expected social roles. In her works Gilman, highlights that the harm caused by these types of treatments for woman i. It is a male voice that.
The male voice is the one in which forces controls on the female and decides how she is allowed to perceive and speak about the world around her. Other interpretations[ edit ] "The Yellow Wallpaper" is sometimes referred to as an example of Gothic literature for its themes of madness and powerlessness.
It may be a ghost story. Worse yet, it may not.Charlotte Perkins Gilman was a feminist and a creative writer who wrote a compelling short story entitled The Yellow Wallpaper. Originally published in The New England Magazine in under her maiden name Stetson; feminism, individuality and symbolism are brought to the forefront thus taking the reader through the process of .
Analysis of Symbols of Charlotte Perkins Gilman's ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ LIT KA SHING College Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s literary work ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ is often considered as an important early work of American feminist literature which illustrates common social and physiological attitudes towards women during the 19th century.
It’s definitely not a coincidence that the woman in the wallpaper is trapped behind a pattern. We can conceive of societal norms and mores as types of patterns that metaphorically restrict our mo The setting of "The Yellow Wallpaper" reinforces all of the intangible feelings and attitudes.
Genre: Novels, short stories, poetry “The Yellow Wallpaper: Written and published in Utopian feminist Suffered severe post- partum depression after birth .
Genre: Novels, short stories, poetry “The Yellow Wallpaper: Written and published in Utopian feminist Suffered severe post- partum depression after birth . In this course we will read three genres in American literature: short stories, poems, and a novel.
Edgar Allan Poe, Kate Chopin, Eudora Welty, and Kurt Vonnegut will introduce us to Gothic Romanticism, turn of the (nineteenth) century feminism, racial discrimination during the segregation era, and a dystopian view on equality.