Cursive script East Asia In imperial Chinaclerks used an abbreviated, highly cursive form of Chinese characters to record court proceedings and criminal confessions. These records were used to create more formal transcripts.
Shorthand Overview Most traditional shorthand systems use a phonetic representation of a word as opposed to the way it is spelled. English spelling has 50 speech sounds and 26 letters to represent them. Here are the issues you will face learning symbol-based shorthand. First, all shorthand systems based on assigning a unique outline to a specific word and require a very considerable time to memorize tens of thousands of outlines.
Second, a large number of shorthand outlines demands constant practice on a daily basis to remember all memorized symbols including the ones you haven't used but you might use them in the future. Third, depending on the form and thickness of symbols it might translate to different meaning and transcription often represents a problem.
Fourth, symbol-based shorthand systems cannot be used with a computer. To make up for the missing symbols, several letters are often combined to represent a sound. This wouldn't be so difficult if a consistency could be established.
For instance, the "sh" sound can be spelled in many different ways: The vowel letters can be spelled in various ways. The "oo" sound has many different spellings: If all English words are counted, there are 28 different spellings for each sound, or over 1, ways to spell 40 sounds.
Writing phonetically reduces the number of symbols per word but requires a very long time to learn tens of thousands of outlines. In addition, phonetically-based shorthand can be only read by the person who wrote the symbols and information exchange cannot be done easily.
It is based on geometrical curves and lines in varying lengths and angles written on lined paper. Different pairs of sounds are written thin or thick strokes using a special flexible fountain pen tip. The shorthand outlines vary in sound depending on a number of rules.
The Pitman system is a unique phonetic alphabet and diacritical marks have to be added alongside the lines to indicate vowels increasing the system's complexity. Practicing and building up speed is difficult because Pitman system has a large number of rules and short-forms.
It can be compared to mastering of a foreign language when you learn to read and write. Gregg shorthand outlines have forward slope and forms similar to cursive handwriting. The Gregg alphabet is based on the oval with size variations designating different sets of related sounds. Connected hooks and circles represent the vowels.
Vowels and consonants are written together in pairs to be continuous and are represented by short and long strokes. A significant drawback is that short and long outlines designate different letters, which may cause confusion if the size is incorrectly written.
In addition, each vowel symbol can represent several possible vowel sounds which increases system's difficulty. Reviewing Gregg Shorthand Dictionary emphasizes the inherent ambiguities of the system and the amount of time required to memorize tens of thousands of outlines. Gregg Shorthand is highly cursive and it is not easily readable.
Gregg Shorthand abbreviations must be immediately translated and a considerable effort would be required if transcription is not done right away. Learning Gregg Shorthand requires an extended period of time and constant practicing to keep a large number of outlines in your memory.
It's likely that for some words you will not remember their outlines. Also, Gregg shorthand has outlines only for 28, words which means you will have to create outlines or abbreviations for the missing words on your own. You can easily combine the Gregg and EasyScript to reduce the learning time and the volume of memorization.
EasyScript enables you to create abbreviations for any word and they can be used for the words that are particularly difficult to remember or for which Gregg shorthand outlines are not available. James Hill, an instructor of Pitman Shorthand, developed it in It is a hybrid system based on the standard alphabet and writing a partial outline of each letter.
Teeline shorthand utilizes the same principle as all other shorthand methods by assigning a unique outline to each word. It requires a long learning curve and daily practicing all the time. As with all symbol-based systems, Teeline needs to be transcribed as soon as possible to prevent spending additional time later.
Quickscript uses the semi-cursive form by writing a partial line of each letter.Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language. The process of writing in shorthand is called stenography, from the Greek stenos (narrow) and graphein (to write).
Writing technique. Words in Teeline are written by connecting letters together, as opposed to writing each individually. This allows for a faster writing speed. Teeline alphabet and examples - Teeline Shorthand Example: Teeline Shorthand Lessons Online - Teeline Shorthand Lessons - Online - Do it in your own time!
Related topics. Teeline shorthand is still taught to journalists in the UK. With Teeline shorthand, you can reach the speed of words per minute. Teeline is relatively easy to learn since its letters are similar to the longhand alphabet.
Most of the Teeline shorthand alphabet Yep, this is (most of) the alphabet in Teeline! As you can see, it’s largely based on the standard alphabet, and I’m sure you can work out most of these letters. Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a ashio-midori.com process of writing in shorthand is called stenography, from the Greek stenos (narrow) and graphein (to write).
It has also been called brachygraphy, from Greek brachys (short) and tachygraphy, from Greek tachys (swift, . Alternative Handwriting. and Shorthand Systems. for Dummies. Introduction. The letters you are now reading, while well adapted to the eye to be read, are so ill adapted to the hand to be written that schools teach longhand as an alternative to printing them.